1Oct

认知偏差知识手册

时间: 2021-10-1 分类: 兴趣技能 作者: 刘大大 68 次浏览

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认知偏差知识手册

内容目录:

一、决策、信念与行为偏差
1.不明确性效应Ambiguity Effect
2.锚定效应Anchoring Effect
3.注意力偏差Attentional Bias
4.获得性启发Availability Heuristic
5.可获性层叠Availability Heuristic
6.逆火效应Backfire Effect
7.从众效应Bandwagon Effect
8.信念偏差Belief Bias
9.选择支持偏差Choice- Supportive Bias
10.确认偏差Confirmation Bias
11知识的诅咒Curse of Knowledge
12.诱饵效应Decoy Effect
13.差异偏差Distinction Bias
14.禀赋效应Endowment Effect
15.功能固着Functional Fixedness
16.巴纳姆效应Barnum Effect
17.框架效应Framing Effect
18.频率错觉Frequency llusion
19.后见之明偏差Hindsight Bias
20.当下偏差Current Moment Bias

21.可辨识受害者效应ldentifiable Victim Effect
22.宜家效应IKEA Effect
23.影响力偏差Impact Bias
24.资讯偏差Information Bias
25.沉没成本谬误Sunk Cost Fallacy
26.损失趋避Loss Aversion
27.单纯接触效应Mere Exposure Effect
28.负面偏差Negativity Bias
29.忽略可能性Neglect of Probability
30.乐观偏差Optimism Bias
31.鸵鸟效应Ostrich Effect
32.规划谬误Planning Fallacy
33.对抗心理Reactance
34.自制偏差Restraint Bias
35.韵律当理由效应Rhyme
as Reason Effect
36.风险补偿Risk Compensation
37.选择性知觉Selective Perception
38.幸存者偏差Survivorship Bias
39.零风险偏差Zero-Risk Bias
40.感知价值偏差Perceived Value Bias
41.分析瘫痪Analysis Paralysis
42.稀缺效应Scarcity Effect

二、社会偏差
44.行动者观察者偏差Actor-Observer Bias
45.达克效应Dunning-Kruger Effect
46.错误共识效应False Consensus Effect
47.基本归因谬误Fundamental Attribution Error
48.晕轮效应Halo Effect
49.群内偏差Ingroup Bias
50.权威偏见Authority Bias
51.得寸进尺法Foot-in-the-Door Technique

三、记忆错误与偏差
52.谷歌效应Google Effect
53.幽默效应Humor Effect
54.真相错觉效应llusion of Truth Effect
55.峰终法则Peak-End Rule
56.图片优势效应Picture Superiority Effect
57.首因效应Primacy Effect
58.雷斯多夫效应Von Restorff Effect
59.蔡格尼效应Zeigarnik Effect

四、统计与几率偏差
60.基本比率谬误Base Rate fallacy
61.赌徒谬误Gambler’s Fallacy
62.热手谬误Hot-Hand Fallacy
63.对样本数不敏锐Insensitivity to Sample Size

五、实验与研究偏差
64.取样偏差Sampling Bias
65.观察者期望效应Observer-Expectancy Effect
66.社会期许偏差Social Desirability Bias
67.遗漏变数偏差Omitted-Variable Bias

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